I have decided to publish this work on the homepage of International Politics, as I think that besides a contribution to the knowledge of Latin America, is also an important issue for all those are involved in the study of International Relations, International Law and International Negotiation. It is part of the outstanding colonial conflicts in the region near the Malvinas claimed by Argentina and Guayana Essequibo, claimed by Venezuela, in the three cases, due to the colonialist activities of United Kingdom. The claim from Guatemala, is aggravated by the fact that the United Kingdom decided to give to Belize the self determination, difficulting the territory claim by by Guatemala. A proposal for the resolution with justice for the parts, could be that Guatemala wil recover the territory claimed and the Belizean maintain their own with the Hondo and Sibun rivers as borders.


Belize's Map
The Belize's Drama
© Evelyn Richardson Escobar-Vega de Tirado
Evelyn Richardson de Tirado, is a supporter of territorial sovereignty, like all Latin Americans who have suffered abuse in their countries from colonial encroachment. This woman is neither silent nor resigned. She tells the dramatic story documented how Guatemala was severed reduced by a significant portion of its territory that today constitutes an independent Republic, known as Belize. Supported by his research, sets the events in chronological order, based on real facts and not opinions or biased information, without any historical basis, legal or political. Its aim is to inform the Guatemalan people and the world at large, in a clear and simple, the action in the dispute over the territory of Belize, in order to contribute in some way to form a real criteria, to a subject of concern and interest to all. Proposes solutions that could be satisfactory to the parties.

Evelyn Richardson Escobar-Vega de Tirado: Guatemalan. Social Worker. Social Worker. Enterprises Manager with a Master in Industrial Manager and Human Engineering. Researcher of History specialized in de Belize's case.
Citation: © Richardson Escobar-Vega de Tirado, Evelyn, This Land is Mine: The Belize's Drama, (Guatemala, Edition of the Author, 1993), Translation: Ana Leticia Santos and  Marta Mena, http://www.blitz.com.gt.


“One day, the apolitical
intellectuals of my country
will be asked by the most simple
people of our town.
They will ask them
what they did when
their country was slowly blowing down
as a sweet, small, and lonely

Otto Rene Castillo
Guatemalan Poet


““To the East”, that was the name the Mayas call the region located that way from the Capital City of their Empire founded in Peten. The Mayan voice calling so, has this phonics in Latin letters: Belikín. This is the voice that first deformed by the same Mayas due to the natural evolution of words, and then by influence of the Spaniard missionaries, who evangelized the region, came finally to take de form of Belize, the name how it is known now.

    In the beginning it was no more than the Belize River basin, because it was the current what was called so, but after that the name extended to all the Eastern zone of Peten, because it has to be understand that the strip of land now known as Belize, was part of the ancient Mayas territory as can be proved by the multiple archaeological ruins of the same sealed style of the ones at Tikal and Uaxhactún, scattered in all the Belizean land. That means, Belize was an integrate part of the Mayab.”

Gabriel Angel Castañeda
Guatemalan Writer


Surprisingly, on September 5, 1991, through a short press release, Guatemala’s President Jorge Serrano Elias, recognized the independence of Belize without the submission of Popular Consultation as the Constitution of the Republic demands in the Article 19 of transitory and final provisions.  On the 11th day of such month, he established diplomatic relationships and appointed to Ricardo Bueso as first ambassador of Guatemala in Belize.  Bueso presented his Letter of Credentials the next day in Belmopan, Belize.

The presidential decision to reduce the fifth part of the national territory, around 14,300 square miles (largest than El Salvador), without the consent of the Guatemalan people, moved me to make a research of the most relevant and important events about the Belize’s affair, registered since Spanish conquest up to July 1993. All of my research was in relation to Guatemala-Belize, as well as England, that started the problem two hundred years ago.

The summary of investigations took me to organize in a chronological way the events, based on actual documented facts and not upon opinions or partial information without historical, juridical or political grounds.  Likewise, the relation of facts I present, has the purpose of explain to Guatemalans in a simple and clear way, what was done throughout the controversy over Belize in order to cooperate, somehow, with the civic opinion over a very important matter for everyone.  It also has the object to prepare us when we give a conscious answer to the Popular Consultation must be made over the constitutional violation of a former leader when he recognized the independence of Belize, established diplomatic relationships, and appointed an ambassador without the approval of the sovereign people.

© Evelyn Richardson Escobar-Vega de Tirado
Guatemala de la Asunción
September, 1993

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bullet Today 1982 to 1993 (July)

Foto Autor This Homepage was made by Luis DALLANEGRA PEDRAZA

PhD in Political Science and International Relations (National University of Rosario , Argentine). Professor and assessor in Degree, Post degree and Doctorate in the country and abroad. Director of the Center of International-Argentinean Studies (CIAS/CEINAR), and of the Argentine Review of International Relations, 1977-1981. International Observer of the International Committee of Support and Verification CIAV-OAS in the guerrilla's "demobilization" "contra" in Nicaragua, 1990. Director of Doctorate in International Relations, National University of Rosario , Rosario , Argentine, 2002-2005. Scientific Researcher of the "National Council of Scientific and Technical Researches" (NCSTR/CONICET), Argentine.

e-Mail: luisdallanegra@gmail.com or to evelynrtirado@hotmail.com
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© Richardson Escobar-Vega de Tirado, This Land is Mine: The Belize's Drama, (Guatemala, Edition of the Author, 1993), Translation: Ana Leticia Santos and  Marta Mena, http://www.blitz.com.gt.